Tuesday, 11 October 2016

Delhi Diaries: Lotus Temple

The worlds most famous cultural architecture, the Lotus Temple also called the Bahai Temple or Bahai House of pure worship. The temple was completed in 1986, known for its flower like shape, it serves as mother temple of the Indian subcontinent.It is the last of seven major Bahai temples built around the world, set among lush green garden and the most visited monument in the world. Lotus temple got its name not just because of the reason that it is in the shape of lotus, but lotus is a symbol of love and purity giving the message of immortality and thus the temple is designed as lotus. It is one of the most complex edifices in the world as it integrates the technological marvel with aesthetic value.

This astounding architecture is built by Persian architect Fariborz Sabha from Canada. White marble were used in the construction making it a beauty to see. From the top view of the monument it looks like half opened lotus, the construction of which took ten years. 800 people were employed for the construction which included engineers, technicians and workers. There are nine reflecting pools surrounding the structure, at the same time the structure has nine entrances. The building is composed of 27 free standing marble clad petals arranged in clusters of three to form nine sides, with nine doors opening into a central hall with height of 40 meters and with a capacity of 2500 people in all. Petals in the first ring face outward forming canopies over the nine entrances. The second ring covers the outer hall and the innermost ring the petals curve inward to enclose the prayer hall.The surface is made of white marble from Penteli mountain in Greece, the very same from which the ancient monuments and other Bahai houses were built. The Lotus Temple property comprises of 26 acres of land. the overall effect of the architecture is that of a floating lotus flower, a symbol of Bahai faith, on verge of blooming ans surrounded by its leaves.

The temple is ideal combination of peace, serenity and tranquility. Bahai faith believes that prayer and meditation are the two instruments for the progress of human souls in this world and the next. The act of praying is a means of conversation with God and meditation is described as the key to open the door of mysteries. The main aim of Bahai faith is amalgamation of all the hearts of the people , so they move closer to the creator along with the unifying of all religions.

It is very rightly said about the monument that "Architecturally, artistically, ethically the edifice is a paragon of perfection..."

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